Facts and Myths of a Concussion

There are an estimated 1.8-3.6 million head injuries in adolescents each year. According to the Centers for Disease Control (CDC), concussions are thought to account for approximately 6-9% of the injuries in organized sports. Because of the vast amount of emerging research on concussion, and the number of head injuries in the media these days- it is more important than ever to educate athletes, parents, coaches, and the general population on the signs and symptoms of concussion.


What is a concussion?

A concussion occurs when there is a rapid deceleration of the brain, either due to a direct or indirect blow to the head causing the soft tissue of the brain to collide with the hard skull. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fY7J7bccNoU

Concussion Signs and Symptoms:

There are several signs and symptoms to be aware of if you think someone you know has suffered a concussion.  You only need to have one persisting symptom after a blow to the head to be diagnosed with a concussion.

  • Amnesia (of any kind)
  • Confusion or appearing dazed
  • Loss of consciousness (*not necessary to be diagnosed with a concussion)
  • Irritability, sadness or other changes in personality
  • Feeling sluggish, “foggy”, or lightheaded
  • Slowed reaction time
  • Headache or head pressure
  • Difficulty concentrating
  • Sensitivity to light and/or sound
  • Double or blurry vision
  • Dizziness
  • Nausea, vomiting, or loss of appetite
  • Sleep disturbances (sleeping more or less than usual)

While 80% concussion symptoms significantly resolve within 2 weeks, there are symptoms that are found to indicate prolonged recovery.

The 5 Predictors of Prolonged Recovery following a concussion are:

  • Sleep disturbance
  • Mood disturbance
  • Dizziness/imbalance
  • Headaches/migraines
  • Attention/concentration dysfunction.

Trained Physical Therapists can help to diagnose and treat concussion symptoms and help with recovery. Email us at info@sptny.com for any questions regarding concussions.

This video answers many FAQs regarding Facts and Myths of Concussions: