There are an estimated 1.8-3.6 million head injuries in adolescents each year. According to the Centers for Disease Control (CDC), concussions are thought to account for approximately 6-9% of the injuries in organized sports. Because of the vast amount of emerging research on concussion, and the number of head injuries in the media these days- it is more important than ever to educate athletes, parents, coaches, and the general population on the signs and symptoms of concussion.
What is a concussion?
A concussion occurs when there is a rapid deceleration of the brain, either due to a direct or indirect blow to the head causing the soft tissue of the brain to collide with the hard skull. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fY7J7bccNoU
Concussion Signs and Symptoms:
There are several signs and symptoms to be aware of if you think someone you know has suffered a concussion. You only need to have one persisting symptom after a blow to the head to be diagnosed with a concussion.
- Amnesia (of any kind)
- Confusion or appearing dazed
- Loss of consciousness (*not necessary to be diagnosed with a concussion)
- Irritability, sadness or other changes in personality
- Feeling sluggish, “foggy”, or lightheaded
- Slowed reaction time
- Headache or head pressure
- Difficulty concentrating
- Sensitivity to light and/or sound
- Double or blurry vision
- Nausea, vomiting, or loss of appetite
- Sleep disturbances (sleeping more or less than usual)
While 80% concussion symptoms significantly resolve within 2 weeks, there are symptoms that are found to indicate prolonged recovery.
The 5 Predictors of Prolonged Recovery following a concussion are:
- Sleep disturbance
- Mood disturbance
- Attention/concentration dysfunction.
Trained Physical Therapists can help to diagnose and treat concussion symptoms and help with recovery. Email us at email@example.com for any questions regarding concussions.
This video answers many FAQs regarding Facts and Myths of Concussions: